The ACT offers a Writing section at the end of the exam. This 40 minute section is optional and does not affect a student’s overall composite score. (That is, you can still get a great score without taking the Writing section.) Instead, the ACT Writing test is scored on a separate metric. Two graders read the essay and score it on a scale from 1 to 6. These scores are then added together to give you an overall ACT writing score ranging from 2 to 12. For the current ACT Writing test administered in the 2017-18 academic year, the average score is a 7. As with the ACT English section, you'll be expected to have a firm handle on grammar and vocabulary rules.
According to the official website, the ACT Writing format consists of "one writing prompt that will describe a complex issue and present three different perspectives on that issue." Instead of sifting through many multiple-choice questions, the student is presented with a single prompt and asked to take a point of view on this prompt. She is expected to explain and provide examples for this point of view over the course of a multi-paragraph essay. You should show the relationship between your perspective and the ACT Writing prompt.
The following is an example of the kind of prompt you may see on the ACT:
For centuries, novels have been an important form of mass-entertainment. Tucked within a few hundred pages are entire worlds into which children and adults alike can escape. With the rise of film, television, and other forms of entertainment, however, the novel has become less popular. Whereas bestsellers in the past sold millions of copies, a bestseller in the 21st century might only need to print a few thousand. Does society lose something when an art form like the novel is pushed to the wayside? Or is the novel’s decrease in popularity simply an example of new art forms replacing old ones?
Perspective One: It is still vital for a society that people read novels. More than other forms of storytelling, novels teach readers important lessons about our shared humanity.
Perspective Two: Novels are still the best art form for exploring certain kinds of stories, but clearly film and television are now better suited for genres like action or adventure. Novels are not disappearing, but evolving.
Perspective Three: We do not mourn the loss of the telegraph or the horse and buggy, and similarly we should not mourn the decline in popularity of the novel. As societies advance, their art forms change. These new art forms tend to be superior to the ones they’ve replaced.
In the example above — as with all ACT Writing prompts — a student is expected to pick one perspective on the prompt. The student should decide on a strong thesis statement and argue for it persuasively. Further, a student should argue for a specific main idea. Next, a student is expected to use proper word choice to provide ideas and analysis. Finally, the student should write a solid conclusion to the essay.
Since the section is optional, a student must decide before sitting down for the test whether or not to take the ACT Writing section. This decision will vary from student to student. If you are taking the test for the second or third time and simply want to increase your main score, it may not be necessary to take the Writing section. Does your dream school or other colleges require the test? If you know that the colleges that you’ll be applying to tend to ignore the ACT Writing score, you might opt out of taking this section.
However, for several reasons, we usually encourage students to sit for the ACT Writing section. First, sitting for the Writing section signals to universities that you are a serious test-taker. You are someone who deliberately goes the extra step in filling out your portfolio. Additionally, colleges have access to the ACT Writing essays and can read your work if they choose to do so. The ACT Writing section can therefore be another vital chance to give universities an insight into your wonderful brain. You have the opportunity to show that, whatever the prompt is, you have a strong perspective on the issue. Good luck!
Read our Ultimate Guide to ACT Test Prep — it summarizes everything you’ll need to know, whether you are preparing to take the ACT next month or in a few years.
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